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MALAYAN TIGER - Panthera tigris jacksoni

 

The Malayan Tiger is one of the six tiger species in the world and it can only be found in Peninsular Malaysia. Today, the Malayan Tiger is listed as critically endangered in the IUCN RED LIST. This means the species is highly vulnerable to extinction.

 

The tiger is listed under the Wildlife Act 2010 (Act 716) as a fully protected species.

 

The National Tiger Survey is ongoing but experts estimate there are less than 200 Malayan Tigers left. The main habitats for tigers include 3 landscapes: Belum-Temengor (Perak), Taman Negara (Pahang, Terengganu, Kelantan) and Endau-Rompin (Johor, Pahang).

 

 

THREATS TO THE MALAYAN TIGER

 

POACHING

Today, poaching is the largest threat to the Malayan Tiger.

Local and foreign poachers from neighbouring countries like Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia encroach our jungles and set up snares to capture the tiger to sell for profit.

 

The snare is a simple steel cable noose and is the weapon of choice for poaching gangs. Set along a tiger's path and then left unattended to be checked at a later date. A unsuspecting animal can easily fall into the trap and the harder they try to get away, the tighter the noose becomes.

For a tiger trapped in a snare, death is slow and painful.

 

WILDLIFE TRADE

The tiger is in high demand - its bones, blood and sexual organs for their perceived medicinal qualities, their skin, skull, claws and canine teeth are traded as trophies and talismans, while their meat is consumed as an exotic treat.

There is rising demand of this critically endangered animal for use in traditional medicine.

 

LOST OF HABITAT

Once upon a time, the rainforest covered over 90% of  the Malayan Peninsular. However today, less than 50% remains.  Areas of forest are also being disconnected creating islands of protected regions which do not allow the animals to move from one area to another. This will eventually create inbreeding and the tigers will not be able to survive in the long term.

 

LACK OF FOOD

​​The Tiger's preferred food is the Sambar Deer and wild boar.  ​Its favourite food the Sambar Deer is now critically endangered in Malaysia especially outside protected areas.

The Sambar Deer is being poached mainly by the locals for its meat.

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